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James Rosebrugh, Judge, was born April 24th, 1767 in Mansfield Woodhouse, Warren county, New Jersey, the oldest of five children born to Rev. John Rosebrugh (of Revolutionary War fame) and Jane Ralston. His family moved to Allen township, in Northampton county, Pennsylvania in 1769, where his father became the minister of the Allen Township Presbyterian church. When he was 10 years old, his father was tragically killed in the 2nd battle of Trenton. Without him, the family was soon brought to the brink of destitution. His mother kept the family together and, after many attempts, finally after nearly 10 years, got the pension her husbandís death entitled her to. As James grew up in the Scotch-Irish community he realized he couldnít leave his mother, brothers, and sisters to go off to get a proper college education so, he enlisted the help of neighbors and friends and built what was later called "The Academy." Later, after graduating, he married Margaret McNair Wilson. In 1795, with his wife and young daughter Jane, he moved to the Genesee country of western New York, settling in Groveland township.

James, in addition to being a farmer, acted as Justice of the Peace, and later became the Representative for Ontario county at the State Legislature at Albany. During the War of 1812, he temporarily left the Legislature to raise a company of volunteers, of which he became their Captain. During the war, his company, under General Smith, fought the British on both sides of the Canadian border. On one occasion, he found himself opposite his cousin John Rosebrugh, then fighting for the English Crown. After the war, he returned to the Legislature. When Livingston county was formed, James became their first Representative. He was also County Judge and later, Surrogate.

James and Margaret had a total of seven children and thirty-one grandchildren. He was preceded in death by two of his daughters, Jane, wife of William Leaming in 1833, and Margaretta, wife of Nathaniel Baldwin in 1840. James died at his home on Groveland hill on November 18, 1850, at age 83. He was buried nearby at the family plot at Glenwood Cemetery, surrounded by members of his family.

Contributed by:
James Edward Fina,
"4th great-grandson"